This segment looks at Cuba and Puerto Rico, two colonies in Spanish America that failed to achieve their independence. Video/C 4677 Counterfeiting is a practice with broad implications, from the merest of fake objects to entire histories shaped as facsimile. "Migrations" contains photographs of people pushed from their homes and traditions to cities and their margins -- slums and refugee camps. DVD X3425; Video/C 8738 Brazilian photographer Sebastiao Salgado comments on his photographic collection "Migrations: photographs by Sebastiao Salgado," which range across Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America. Video/C 4675 Presents powerful statements from students, labor leaders, veterans and church people involved in protesting the training of Latin American soldiers at the Fort Benning School of the Americas (SOA).
Also examines the troubled case of the Dominican Republic, a nation that had to fight several times, first against Spain and then Haiti, to achieve its independence. Video/C 8045 Contents: Pre-hispanic religion -- Conquest and colony -- Independence -- Religious syncretism -- The Cofradia -- Liberation theology. Here filmmaker Lerner collates early colonial misconceptions of the Mexican populace, a jumble of ethnographic and political distortions. Here their intimate conversation, intercut wiht photographs from "Migrations," combines a discussion of Salgado's work with their critique of globalization, creating a wide-ranging investigation of the power of the image. Salgado sees evidence of what he calls "a revolution in the way we live, produce, communicate and travel," often summarized by the catchword "globalization." His presentation is followed by a conversation with the author Orville Schell who continues the discussion on Salgado's work and visions of the social ramifications of globalization. Footage of mass graves and bodies of victims of murders attributed to SOA graduates is included.
This segment focuses on the process of independence in Argentina and Uruguay and the figure of San Martin and his leadership of the armies that liberated southern South America. #23: Thomas Farer, distinguished professor of law at Rutgers University and former president of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, discusses the work of the Commission in investigating human rights violations in Latin America and analyzes the Reagan administration's policies concerning human rights in third world countries and the factors that influence and change such policies from administration to administration. Video/C 641 For ten weeks in 1941, Walt Disney, his wife, and sixteen colleagues from his studio visited nations in South America to gather story material for a series of films with South American themes. This program examines the plight of women in the poverty ridden nation of Bolivia on varying social and economic levels. DVD 6593 A documentary describing the consequences of 25 years of environmental neglect by factories along the U. DVD X6430; Video/C 4748 This film follows Luis Rodriguez, who lives in a remote peasant village in southern Mexico, who hopes to become a boxing champion in the United States. Eventually he succeeds in crossing the border and finds work as an illegal alien. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to celebrate, pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. The experience is a cross between adventure tourism and a way for participants, largely middle class Mexican tourists, to experience firsthand the hardships of the border crossing. Fuentes addresses the selective intervention of the U. in the affairs of Latin American countries which he believes stifles development in Latin America and damages the international relationship. N: World leaders set New York a-whirl (9/26/60) -- Invasion scare: Castro masses troops, claims U. aggression (10/31/60) -- News highlights of 1960 (12/31/60) -- U. breaks relations with Cuba (1/5/61) -- Cuba invaded: foes of Castro open offensive (4/19/61) -- Reds celebrate May Day (5/5/61) -- The Cuban crisis (10/25/62) -- Missile bases: Castro balks at U. team (11/1/62) DVD 8283 From ABC News Nightline, with Ted Koppel, and commentary by Robert Mc Namara.
When Joao returned to Portugal in 1821, the crown prince Pedro, remained in Brazil, assumed the leadership of the movement to separate from Portugal, and declared Brazil's independence in 1822. Andes and Amazon: Ecuador, valley of the volcanoes. Sao Paulo, the Outer Ring investigates the plight of urban homesteaders in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Video/C 4319 Director Oliver Stone visits seven presidents in five countries in South America to gain some understanding about the political and social ideas and the revolutions, and to clear up how people view them.
: Some of the American colonies did not achieve independence in the age of revolutions. Video/C 9205 Noted Brazilian photographer Sebastiao Salgado and art critic John Berger pore over Salgado's photographic collection "Migrations," six years and 43 countries in the making (ranging across Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America). Chile, Pacific Rim Player examines the developing commerce and export economy of Santiago, Chile. Includes interviews with Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez, Argentinean president Cristina Kirchner, Cuban president Raul Castro, and more.
Two priests, Miguel Hidalgo and Jose Maria Morelos, led an uprising of poor people, largely Indians, and threatened to annihilate the upper-class whites, who closed ranks to defeat the insurgency and restore order. 1-2 (1946, 28 min.) -- Housing in Chile: one government's plan to provide better homes (1943, 18 min.) -- Lima family (1944, 18 min.) -- Lima (1944, 16 min.) -- Problems of housing (1944, 10 min.) -- Roads South (1943, 17 min.) -- Army nurse (1945, 16 min.) -- Silent war: Colombia's fight against yellow fever (1945, 10 min.) --To the people of the United States (1944, 21 min.) -- Wastage of human resources (1947, 10 min.) -- Young Uruguay (1943, 17 min.) DVD 8712 Adelina, presidenta: This documentary looks at the challenges Adelina Rasgado Escobar faced during her three years in office as presidenta municipal of Asuncion Ixtaltepec, in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca (1999-2001) Contents: Encrucijada = Crossroads (2002, 4 min.) -- Adelina, presidenta = Adelina, president (2003, 30 min.) Directed by Julia Barco. Video/C MM1285 An exploration by subterranean rivers and caverns; a fantastic and enigmatic trip where natural treasures and the vestiges of the ancient Mayas lie.
: Events in Europe sparked the second war for independence in Mexico when the supporters of a liberal constitution triumphed in Spain in 1820. In this program a group of speleologists dive down to incredible depths through the cenotes that were ritual centers of the ancient inhabitants and also unique sources of water in this dry and arid region, where one of the greatest cultures of ancient times flourished.
: Looks at the dramatic life of Francisco de Miranda whose life and work foreshadowed the generation of revolutonary leaders in Latin America who would lead the wars for independence. A documentary on the history of how the Virgin Mary and the icon "Our Lady of Guadalupe" became important parts of the culture of Mexico and on the current devotion of the Mexican people to them. Includes interviews with a border guard, human rights activists and Mexicans who have attempted the crossing. She reveals her motivations and emotions, and the paradoxes that emerge when she investigates and publishes her book entitled The demons of Eden. Director, Mary Lance; producers, Mary Lance, Eric Breitbart. Produced by Ari Palos, Eren Mc Ginnis and José Minojosa (9 min., Spanish with English subtitles, 200? A film by Judith Gleason with the collaboration of the Colectivo Feminista de Xalapa and of Elisa Mereghetti. The program highlights the Ballet Folklórico de San Antonio. President Woodrow Wilson responded to the raid by Pancho Villa across the U. border by sending 6,000 troops under General John J. At the same time, Villa was being sought by Carranza's army, as well. Includes archival footage and commentary by authors, academics and historians. But while the roadway is a spectacular miracle of modern architectural design, it comes with a human cost. While Indian languages are endangered everywhere else in the world, in Juchitan, the Zapotec language is spoken proudly at home, at municipal meetings, in poetry, song and theatre. This film portrays their ongoing struggle for the land while also relating the now-legendary story of the folk hero Zapata. Depicts his life that spanned three revolutions, three continents and three wars, charting his progression from militant student to leader of Vietnam's revolutionary independence movement. Edad de oro (Jose Marti; col., 3 min.): A brief look at a Cuban children's story written by Jose Marti. Contents: Boyhood -- Student leader -- Moncada -- Jungle fighters -- Rebel victory -- A man to be reckoned with -- Revolutionary reforms -- The Soviets and Cuba -- Bay of Pigs -- Cuban Missile Crisis -- In love with Castro -- Worldwide revolution/Che -- An economic disaster -- Angola, Nicaragua, Afghanistan -- The Mariel boatlift -- Human rights violations -- Soviet collapse -- Just one man. DVD 3693 Life in Cuba under the Communist regime of Fidel Castro offers contrasts in improved education but inadequate housing. DVD 5166 [preservation copy]; vhs Video/C 3195 A vibrant celebration of artists and musicians in Havana, Cuba's capital. Using interviews and archival footage this film examines the Cuban revolution, America's futile struggle in Vietnam and the Soviet Union's equally unsuccessful attempts to control Afghanistan. Spanning the entire history of Cuban architecture, from the colonial era up through the socialist revolution, this film captures the final moments of these historic buildings before they're renovated -- or simply collapse altogether. Special features on DVD X2592: Newly remastered for high definition from the original Russian 35mm fine grain interpositive ; video interview with director Martin Scorsese (26 min.) ; Cuban version of opening credits ; original Milestone trailer ; stills gallery. The directors are themselves exiles, and they have created a convincing indictment of El Jefe, implicating also those who would turn a blind eye towards repression from the left. Una produccion del Instituto Cubano del Arte e Industria Cinematograficos (I.
He became the early mentor of the most famous of these liberators -- Simon Bolivar. Includes footage of the some of the "demons," Succar Kuri, the senator Gamboa Patrón, the businessman Kamel Nacif and the Puebla's governor Mario Marin among others. ) Kit Kat: A drama in which Kit Kat races to save her fathers soul amidst the beauty and magic of Oaxaca. Video/C 6184 A documentary on the Mascogos, an African descent community in Northern Mexico which emigrated from the U. Beginning with an overview of the historical background of folklórico in the southwestern United States the film examines its links with events and movements in Mexico, the achievements of individuals such as Berta Almaguer, who taught Mexican dance and music in San Antonio beginning in the 1930s, and the impetus provided by the Chicano movement in the U. in the late 1960s and 1970s, which encouraged expressions of ethnic identity and pride. Supplementary feature accompanying: The Adventures of young Indiana Jones. Nace un nino en Texas en 1908 (b&w, si., 4 min.): A short biographical collage produced in Cuba of U. Hanoi, martres 13, diciembre (Realizacion, Santiago Alvarez; b&w and col., 1967, 38 min.): Filmed in Hanoi on December 13, 1966, this documentary is a tribute to the courage of the Vietnamese people. Originally broadcast in January 2005 on the PBS television program: The American Experience. However, some of the population prefer the present situation to the former dependence on America. Musicians, painters, sculptors, writers, and filmmakers reveal and reflect on Cuba's precarious political climate, its African heritage, the ironies of tourism, and how to live with dignity in the face of the United States embargo. DVD 6560 Profiles Cuban farmers and scientists working to reinvent a sustainable agriculture, based on ecological principles and local knowledge rather than imported agricultural inputs. A film by Florian Borchmeyer and Matthias Hentschler.
: The Haitain revolution is the only successful slave rebellion in the Americas. Video/C 8705 This documentary presents the pros and cons of the maquiladora (or maquila) an export manufacturing program established by the Mexican Government and looks at industrialization in Mexico after NAFTA, considering low wages, working conditions, environmental and cultural impact. 5 Issue 2, p166-186, 21p UC users only Chronicles the historic events surrounding the 1997 massacre of 45 pacifist supporters of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation who were murdered while seeking refuge in a church. Focuses on the lives of Shankar, the Bioscope Man; Modesto, the chicken feet vendor; Baba Khan, the paint recycler; Nestor, the trash scavenger; street kids Oleg, Borya, Kolya and Misha; Cassandra, the performer; Larissa, the crane driver and Toni, the hustler. Strange, immediate and full of contradiction, the film manages to rivet for most of its time and leaves one feeling sad and less hopeful about the state (literal and symbolic) of present-day Mexico. It also depicts the women's role in Mexico during this period. Profiles include Rafael Fernandez-Mc Gregor, who hopes to restore a vital rail link between Mexico and the U. and executives from Pemex, one of the world's most powerful oil companies. Mario Rojas Alba, a physician and former member of the Mexican Congress for the opposition Revolutionary Democratic Party (PRD). Alba, now a political refugee in Canada, makes a return trip to Mexico where he acts as guide and witness to the conflict between the government and the people's demands for justice and reform, as he struggles with his own position as an exile from the country he loves. Glimpses into a tech-savvy youth culture and the persistent Zapatista movement reinforce the capital's nickname: City of Contrasts. DVD X5288; DVD X382 (copy 2) Contents: Y tenemos sabor = And we have flavor (1967) -- Una Isla para Miguel = An Island for Miguel (1968, 20 min.) -- Isla del tesoro = Treasure Island (1969). E84 1996) With the collapse of the Soviet bloc, Cuba has been presented with its toughest test of strength since the revolution thirty-five years ago. Video/C 8672 Chronicles the life of Cuban photographer Korda (born Alberto Diaz Gutierrez), who created the famous "Guerillero heroico" image of revolutionary Ernesto Guevara and was Castro's official photographer for ten years; includes interviews and archive footage. In 1968, his documentary Coffea Arabiga featured the Beatles' song "Fool on the Hill" as Fidel Castro appeared on screen. DVD X3650 Consists mostly of interviews with Cubans about their opinions on living in Cuba, its revolutionary process, and the effects of the blockade by the United States against Cuba. DVD X6991 This video discusses how the relationship between the United States and Cuba has affected Cuban families separated by the political conflict. Video/C 3392 Tells the story of Margarita and Ramona de Saá. Video/C MM1251 Examines devotion in Cuba to San Lazaro (Babalu-Aye) at Rincon, where pilgrims perform acts of mortification as a "promise" to the deity for favors desired. Video/C 3058 Filmed over seven years, an intimate portrait of photographer Abelardo Morell, revealing the mystery and method of his artistic process.
This section and the next analyze the only case of slaves rising up, taking power, and creating an independent nation. Amidst the violence, a group of black leaders emerged, the most famous the former slave Toussaint L'Ouverture. In this third segment the anthropology team witnesses ancient ceremonies consecrating new corn fields. This final segment witnesses the return to the village in Yucatan, Mexico of two young boys who found city life lonely. Also looks at the 1994 emergence of the Zapatistas, the Mexican army's attacks on rural peasant communities -- involving destruction of homes, forced displacement of entire communities, and "disappearances" and murders meant to terrorize the indigenous population -- and government "negotiations" with the Zapatistas. Film represents one of the first uses of film for journalistic purposes in Mexico. Contains three films by Afro-Cuban filmmaker Sara Gomez from Cuba's national film institute, ICAIC. Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press, c1996. People wonder how long Castro will maintain his leadership. That same year, Guillen was accused of plotting to assassinate Castro. DVD X3202; Video/C 3592 At age 67, former major league baseball star Luis Tiant has come back to Cuba, the island he had left at age 20 for a trip he thought would last a month and became nearly a half a century. What is home for an exile who becomes a star in his new land, leaving former teammates to play for their government and country in isolation and poverty? Many performing artist's are interviewed--a dissident theatre group in Havana, a more traditional African theatre group in Santiago, and also film star Jorge Perugorria. It includes interviews of children from Cuban families and senior citizens. Born identical twins, the sisters grew up to become acclaimed ballerinas with the National Ballet of Cuba. Rincon is the site of a Roman Catholic Church dedicated to God in the name of San Lazaro (Saint Lazarus of Bethany). Video/C 3752 Employing a mixture of video graphics, computer animation, and documentary footage, the director uses the metaphor of a disenchanted and lethargic woman to lament the loss of Cuba's revolutionary ideals and fervor. The narrative skips across time and space from his early childhood escape from Castro's regime to his status as a world-renowned photographer. DVD X4144 A well-known Cuban film director embarks upon the search for a black woman dancer and singer to play the central dramatic role in his next film project- a musical comedy.
He eventually returned to Europe, committing his life to the liberation of his fellow Americans. Video/C 934 This portrait of Mexico's foremost novelist probes beneath the surface of his work to expose the roots of his fiction and its place in the world of literature. The documentary had its premiere during a unique riverbed screening with 4,000 Juchitecans. Kennedy investigates the impact of the fence and some of its unforeseen consequences. Features include mask dancing by children, the spectacular Dance of the Voladores performed on a 60 foot pole; the fantastic Cholula Pyramid, and artisians creating skeleton and skull artwork in pottery, fabrics and food. It argues that Mexico's famous mestizaje includes the important contibutions of African groups, as well as Spaniards and Indians. Presented at the International Latino Film Festival held in the San Francisco Bay Area. Filmed on location in Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Mexico and Morocco. Interweaves poetry, music, and interviews with Kahlo's students and friends to create a portrait of an artist whose life and work increasingly speaks to the sensibilities of today. (SF International Latino Film Festival Collection). Aesthetics: Reveals the desire for expressing individuality through diverse conceptions of beauty in everyday Cuban life whether in the form of a hood ornament, a display window or a star-studded tooth. Castro is seen swimming with bodyguards in the ocean, visiting his childhood home and school, joking with his friend Nelson Mandela, meeting with Elian Gonzalez, and celebrating his birthday with the Buena Vista Social Club.
Video/C MM285 : With the imprisonment and eventual death of Miranda, Simon Boliver assumed the mantle of the leader of the South American independence movement. Video/C MM908 Depicts the life of a fictional middle-class Mexican family, its faith in power and money as the basis of life, without considering how these values affect the lives and behavior of their children: their experimentation with drugs, premarital sex, and crime, occasionally leading to serious consequences and even death. Produced and directed by the Foro Ecolgico de [email protected];n, teacher Ari Palos in association with Dos Vatos Productions; screenwriter Jorge Antonia Garcia, animator Lenin De Gyvés Montero.(14 min., Spanish with English subtitles, 2004) c2010. DVD X4272 Mexico City, the most polluted and fastest growing city on the planet, is a sobering foretaste of what may await us all. Through candid interviews with border guards, ranchers, environmentalists, she asked the question: Was it worth it? In English and various languages with English voiceovers. King of the Jungle: Filmed as Cuba was entering the economic crisis of the early 90s, observations are made along Havana's Prado Street through the eyes of the lion sculpture located there.
Video/C 7897 The people of South and Central America and the Caribbean reflect on their lives, their history and societies in this series. This tape examines the early civilizations in Central and South America, primarily the Maya, Aztecs, and Incas. Video/C 6402 : Covers the fighting during the American Revolution from Lexington and Concord to the British surrender at Yorktown in 1781, an extraordinary story of a small group of colonials challenging and defeating the most powerful empire in the world. DVD X2301; Video/C 7459 Explores the environmental devastation and urban chaos of Tijuana's assembly factories and the female laborers who have organized themselves for social action. Scenes of the Toa River region reveal island life in remote villages.